Second Committee Addresses Migration, Technology, International Collaboration
Americas, ICT, News, November 13 2018
NEW YORK, USA: With the numbers of migrants increasing faster than the global population, UN Member States emphasized the increased interdependence between countries, and called for the recognition of migrants’ qualifications and role in development, as well as for the protection of their rights and the combatting of illegal trafficking.
The Second Committee (Economic and Financial) debates on globalization and interdependence and information and communications technology (ICT) took place on 19 October 2018, at UN Headquarters in New York, US. Many delegations also noted that developing countries still lack technology transfer, capacity‑building, financial resources, an enabling international economic environment, and an equitable global trading system, while highlighting growing gender, generational and geographical divides.
Introducing a report on international migration and development (A/73/286), John Wilmoth, UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), reported that the number of international migrants increased by almost 50% between 2000 and 2017, faster than the global population. Noting that remittances to low- and middle‑income countries rose to US$466 billion in 2017, he emphasized migrants’ inputs to development in both origin and destination countries. He also mentioned that, in countries of destination, migrants make the population both larger and younger, partially countering the shift towards an older population.
Nazrul Islam, DESA, introduced the Secretary‑General’s report on a new international economic order (A/73/290), noting that official development assistance (ODA) in 2017 was US$146.6 billion, $800 million less than in 2016, with 2017 being the first year ODA has declined since 2011‑2012.
Shamika Sirimanne, UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), said half of the world’s population had no internet access in 2017, with internet penetration being 17% in the least developed countries (LDCs) as opposed to 81% in the developed world. She added that, beyond the ICT gap, cybersecurity and information society governance are looming issues, given increasing vulnerability to online attacks.
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